A rare seemingly unrecorded lithographed broadside, printed in Switzerland, shows Algiers, besieged by French in 1830. The large map below showcases Algiers with its surrounding, the upper left in-set map a connection between Toulon and Algiers (the sea voyage lasted 188 hours), and the upper right in-set map Algiers. The text below gives basic statistic information on the city and its surroundings.
The map is not dated, but had to be made in the year of the French siege of the city in 1830, as the information below are already influenced by France, or a year later, when th4e lithographer Hans Jakob Brupbacher died.
The Kingdom of France, invaded and conquered the Ottoman Regency of Algiers in 1830. A diplomatic incident, the so-called Fan Affair, served in 1827 as a pretext to initiate a blockade against Algiers. The invasion marked the end three centuries of Ottoman rule in Algeria and the beginning of French Algeria.
Hans Jakob Brupbacher (1792–1831), the oldest son of a copper engraver Heinrich Brupbacher, opened the earliest lithographic workshop in canton Zürich in Switzerland in 1817.
All Hans Jakob Brupbacher’s lithographs were made in small quantities and are very rare. We could not trace any other examples of this lithograph in institutions not in literature.
References: Valentine von Fellenberg, Grenzüberschreitungen und Akademiefiasko: Hans Jakob Oeri und das Schweizer… 2017, p. 288; Gerold Meyer von Knonau, Der Canton Zürich: historisch-geographisch-statistisch geschildert 1844, p. 319.