A book, written by a prominent late Ottoman historian Ahmet Refik Altınay (1881-1937) describes in details the battles of the Prophet Muhammad, starting with a description of the principles of the warfare of the Prophet.
The first battle described is the Battle of Badr, fought on 17 Ramadan 2 AH (March 13, 624 AD, غزوة بدر or يوم الفرقان in Arabic, بدر غزاسى in Ottoman), followed by the Battle of Uhud, fought on 7 Shawwal, 3 AH (March 23, 625 AD) (غزوة أحد in Arabic, احد غزاسى in Ottoman), the Battle of the Trench fought in 5 AH (626-627) (غزوة الخندق or غزوة الخندق in Arabic, خندق غزاسى in Ottoman) and the Battle of Hunayn, fought in 8 AH (630 AD) (غزوة خنين in Arabic, خنين غزاسى in Ottoman).
The word Gazavât (غزوات) is a term used in the early Islamic literature, marking the expeditions and battles, led by the Prophet Muhammad. The conquests began with the emergence of the Islamic religion in the 1st Century AH (7th Century AD) and the founding of the Islamic state.
The map on the end embraces the territory between Mount Uhud (جبل أحد) north of Medina and Mecca on the South with marked locations of the battles.
Ahmet Refik Altınay was an Ottoman writer and professor of history. Among others he authored books on Sokollu Mehmed Pasha (1506-1579), published in 1924.
The book is bound in a fine goat binding, decorated with gold ornaments and ornated with washed silk and gilt floral turn-ins on endleaves. This highly unusual detail for Ottoman bindings was probably influenced by the West. We have never encountered any other Ottoman books with this type of endpapers.
Worldcat lists 7 institutional examples (Universiteitsbibliotheek Leiden, Boğaziçi University Library, University of Oxford, Harvard University, Princeton University Library, University of Pennsylvania Libraries and University of Arizona Libraries).
References: OCLC 949450676, 81939747; ÖZEGE 6084.