Con tutte le provvidenze in variii tempi prescritte dalla vigilanza e dal zelo di questo Magistrato alla Sanità per metter freno alli troppo scandalosi arbitrii de’Turchi, pure non manca tutto giorno di rilevarsi, quanto sia il loro studio, e malizia per deludere la osservanza delle Leggi quando si presentano ai Lazaretti per scontare la loro Contumacia, ed allorchè capitano di liberta, portanda seco, col pretesto del proprio uso, proviste non indifferenti di Tabaco, di Sale, e d’altri Effetti, con li quali nel tempo che cercano di sottraerli dale osservationi de’Ministri, viene a mettersi in pericolo la grave materia di Sanità…
A large broadside in Italian language was printed on May 24, 1754, in Venice. It points out the uncontrolled dealing with tobacco and salt by Turks the Lazaret in Split in Dalmatia, at the time a part of the Venetian Republic and today a part of Croatia, an a potential danger of plague.
The Lazaret in Split, set on the south side of the Diocletian’s Palace, was a quarantine for the goods, imported from the Ottoman Empire, mostly from nearby Bosnia. The building, based on plans by Giuseppe Santini was finished by 1666 and could receive up to 500 horses and donkeys. In the 17th and 18th centuries the quarantine times were extremely long and have lasted between 21 and 42 days, what encouraged black market inside the Lazaret.
In 1754 the Venetian board for health pointed out, with this broadside, a risk of spreading the plague and other diseases in Split and consequentially on the Venetian territory, by uncontrolled dealing with Turkish goods. Split was severely hurt by an epidemics of plague in 1731-1732, and between 1763 and 1764, and later in 1784.
Provveditori e Sopra Provveditori alla Sanità, who published this map, was a Venetian government organisation, with a role similar to today’s health ministry. Founded in 1485 it first consisted of three members, and from 1536 on from five members. The “ministry” was in charge of predicting epidemics and other health issues, informing people of the dangers and setting new rules and laws at the times of epidemics.
Their decrees were issued n forms of broadsides and pamphlets. As many of the pamphlets survive in libraries, the broadsides have lower survival rate. We could not trace any examples of this broadside in institutions worldwide.
References: Ivone Cacciavillani, La sanità pubblica nell’ordinamento Veneziano, 2010 (file:///C:/Users/Dasa/Downloads/La_sanita_pubblica_nell-ordinamento_veneziano.pdf)