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CZECH AVANT-GARDE – COMMUNISM – PROPAGANDA: Anarchistická morálka. Komunism a anarchie. Velká revoluce [Anarchist Morale. Communism and Anarchy. The Great Revolution].



A Czech translation of three short texts by a Russian activist and researcher Pyotr Kropotkin with an original linocut design by a Czech Avant-Garde artist and author Josef Čapek.

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Three short text on the communism, anarchism and revolution by Pyotr Kropotkin (1842 – 1921), originally written in Russian around 1900, were published in Prague in a Czech translation in 1919. Kropotkin was a Russian geographer, scientist, activist and revolutionary, who promoted Anarchocommunism. 

The cover linocut illustration was made by Josef Čapek (1887 – 1945), a prominent Czech cubist and avant-garde painter, and an author. Čapek, an open opponent of Adolf Hitler and the Nazis, was arrested after the German invasion on Czechoslovakia in 1939. He was imprisoned in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where he died on an unknown date in 1945.  

Josef Čapek is also known as the inventor the word robot, which was introuced into literature by his brother, Karel Čapek, in 1920, in the play R.U.R. or Rossumovi Univerzální Roboti (Rossum’s Universal Robots). Josef Čapek designed the cover for the publication of the play. 

Worldcat shows six institutional examples (National Library of the Czech Republic, Sächsische Landesbibliothek – Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Dresden, International Institute of Social History (IISG), The British Library, St. Pancras, Indiana University, and Getty Research Institute). 

References: OCLC 55225547. 

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