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POST-WWII GERMAN CARTOGRAPHY: Der Wegweiser von und nach der Lutherstadt Wittenberg [The Road Map to and from Lutherstadt Wittenberg]

320.00

A beautifully designed, optically effective road map to the protestant cultural center Wittenberg in Eastern Germany  under the Soviet occupation was made in 1946, immediately after WWII in destroyed Berlin, and printed on the leftovers of an older larger map.

 

Colour lithograph, printed from both sides, original label mounted on the back, 86 x 69 cm (33.9 x 27 inches) (light staining, soft folds with tiny homes on the crossings, otherwise in a good condition).

 

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Description

This well designed road map, made immediately after WWII and printed on the leftovers of an older map, due to the post war rationing, shows the road, train and subway connections to Wittenberg from Berlin, Magdeburg, Dessau, Leipzig, Dresden and the nearby connecting town Falkenberg.

Wittenberg, where Martin Luther lived and produced his most crucial works, is one of the most important German historical, cultural and historical centers, with parts of it today protected by UNESCO.

The city suffered profoundly under the leadership of the Nazis. In 1938, the businesses owed by the Jewish families were closed and the families were deported. Many of them were murdered. During the war a division of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp was founded on the suburbs. In the next months the city was damaged by the bombings of the allies and additionally by the Red Army, which marched into Wittenberg in April 1945.

This map was printed in Berlin in 1946, when the Wittenberg was under the Soviet occupation and the first public buildings and connections after the war started reopening.

The map was printed on the back of a part of a WWII wall map of Europe due to post war rationing and lack of printing material in bombed Berlin. The old map was printed over with a grid pattern.

We could find two institutional examples (Sächsische Landesbibliothek – Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Dresden, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin).

References: OCLC 255421308.

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