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ETHIOPIAN EMPIRE / ABYSSINIA: Neue Karte von Abessinien und Somaliländern.



A German map shows Abyssinia on the eve of the Second Italo-Ethiopian War, in 1935. 

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This map of the Ethiopian Empire, printed in Berlin, shows Abyssinia and the French, Italian and British colonies in East Africa, as well as former German colonies. Marked are also borders, railways and roads.

The map shows Abyssinia on the eve of the Second Italo-Ethiopian War, between October 1935 and May 1936, resulting in Italian occupation of the country.

Italy and Ethiopia were at the time both member nations and yet the League was unable to control Italy or to protect Ethiopia, when Italy violated Article X of the Covenant of the League of Nations in 1935. During the attack Italy used sulfur mustard in chemical warfare. In the same year Selasie appealed to the League of Nations, delivering an address that made him a worldwide figure.

Haile Selassie returned to Ethiopia from England to help rally the resistance and in 1941 the British began the invasion of Abyssinia with the help of Ethiopian freedom fighters. The Italian resistance surrendered in November 1941.

The Schropp publishing house was founded in 1742 by Simon Schopp and still exists today. Situated in the Dorotheenstraße in Berlin in the 1940s, it was destroyed by a bomb in one of the last nights of the war, in April 1945. The surviving material was taken away by Russians. After 1945 Walter Ludwig continued publishing maps under Schropp’s name.

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