This is the first Ottoman translation of Freud’s revolutionary work Five Lectures on Psychoanalysis (Über Psychoanalyse: Fünf Vorlesungen), involving at the time controversial analysis of sexual origins of neurosis, infantile sexuality, the Oedipus complex, homosexuality, sadism and masochism. The translation is based on the speech in German, delivered by Freud without written notes in September 1909, at Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts.
The text includes French technical terms and four pages of literature in German language.
The translator Mustafa Şekib was a pioneer in the field of modern psychology and psychoanalysis in the late Ottoman Empire and early Republic of Turkey.
After finishing the education in Istanbul, Mustafa Şekib was appointed a teacher in Skopje, where he noticed that the contemporary educational system required a better psychological approach, as it started being practiced in the central and western Europe.
Mustafa’s wish to gain the modern western knowledge on psychology came true, when after the Balkan Wars, in 1913, he was sent to Europe together with 14 other teachers by the Ottoman Ministry of Education. He studied the history of French literature in Lausanne and eventually entered the JeanJacques Rousseau Institute (also Academy of Geneva), the first institute of educational science in Europe, founded in 1912. The at the time exceedingly progressive institute, specialized in an a new idea of putting the child in the center of the educational system.
After his returning to Istanbul Mustafa Şekib worked at the Ministry for Education, before becoming professor for psychology at the university. His written works, original works and translations, as well as hundreds of translations, are an important contribution to the development of the modern psychology and psychoanalysis in the late Ottoman Empire and later in the Republic of Turkey.
This is the first edition. The work was reprinted in modern Turkish in 1931 and in 1948.
We could find one institutional example on Worldcat (Orient-Institut Istanbul).
References: OCLC 1030933554. ÖZEGE; 5984 – TBTK; 11106.