This extremely detailed and well made map of Iran was made in 1963 in Tehran and shows different types of roads, borders, air routes and sea routes, pipelines and archeological sites. The chart in the lower corner shows distances between the cities and an in-set map above a relief map.
The map still shows the road system in the first year of the White Revolution of 1963, when the Trans-Iranian Railway was expanded, and the main roads connecting Tehran and provincial capitals were asphalted. The White Revolution or The Shah and People Revolution was a series of reforms in Iran made between 1963 and 1978 by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. The reform program included among others a land reform, construction of an expanded road, rail, and air network, and a number of dam and irrigation projects. The Trans-Iranian Railway was expanded, port facilities were improved and the main roads connecting Tehran and provincial capitals were asphalted.
The map is folded into decorative wrappers, printed with Persian ornaments. The back lists maps in English and Farsi, published by Abbas Sahab by 1963.
The map was made by a Persian cartographer Abbas Sahab, known as the father of the modern Iran’s cartography.
Sahab – The Father of Iran’s Cartography
The Sahab Geographic and Drafting Institute was founded in Tehran in 1935, becoming the first private geographic and mapmaking enterprise in the Middle East. Its founder Abolghasem Sahab was succeeded by his son Abbas Sahab, who later became known as the ”Father of Iran’s Cartography”.
He was born in Fam, in Tafresh district in Iran. His father Ostad Abolghasem Sahab Tafreshi was a famous writer and author of about seventy titles on historic, geographic, religious, cultural and artistic topics.
Abbas Sahab devoted himself to cartography already during the time off his studies in Teheran. During his life he created more than 1,500 valuable works including maps, atlases, plates, scientific and medical illustrations, as well as geographic globes.
Sahab was very active on the international level. He was an active member of the International Cartographic Association. Between 1968-1971 he issued maps of other countries such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq and Turkey.
In 1970 Sahab organized the First International Map Exhibition in the Tehran Teachers Training High School and in the next years he hosted similar events in the other cities.
In his last years of his life, he dedicated himself to his monumental work: The Great Atlas of 14 Centuries of Islamic Arts in 20 volumes, of which the first volume was published in 2000.
After Sahab’s death the printing house was taken over by his sons and is still active today. Sahab’s unique library with thousands of volumes on cartography also survives intact today.