The first edition of Halit Ziya’s drama Kabus (Nightmare) was published in Ottoman language in 1918.
The author Halit Ziya Uşaklıgil (1866-1945) was educated in a French school in Izmir, where he started admiring the contemporary French novelists. Halit Ziya was the first Ottoman writer, who authored novels in its contemporary European form.
Halit Ziya Uşaklıgil belongs to the Ottoman authors of the so called New Litarature, who gathered around the magazine Servet-i Fünun.
Servet-i Fünun ( ثروت فنون ) or Wealth of Knowledge was a famous Ottoman magazine, published between 1891 and 1944. Starting as an illustrated with scientific articles and reports, accompanied with humour and literature, it soon turned into a leading literary magazine, publishing modern Ottoman poetry and literature. The group of authors, which gathered around the magazine between 1896 and 1901, passed into the history of literature under titles “New Literature” or the “Servet-i Fünun Lietrarure”.
References: OCLC 949522762, 780183235.