This gigantic map, made by the Ottoman Military Office, represents the area of North Greece called Rumelia, which was in the first years of the 20th century representing a problematic borderline area of the Ottoman Empire. Surrounded by the former Ottoman territories, which made themselves independent in the late 19th century, Rumelia soon became the next boiling pot or anti Ottoman revolutionaries. Larger parts of the area were annexed to Greece after the Balkan Wars, in 1913 and 1914.
The map marks in details all the cities, towns and villages, roads, hills and forests.
The map was published in at least four states: in 1317 (1901), 1321 (1905), 1328 (1914; version in the SALT Museum in Istanbul, not mentioned in the literature) and in an undated version.
We could trace three institutional examples of the 1901 edition in the Western libraries (British Library, Harvard University, University of Washington Libraries), and one edition of the 1914 version in Istanbul (SALT Museum), all of which were cut into segments and mounted on linen. We could not find any institutional examples of our 1905 edition nor any other examples in the format of a wall map..
References: Osmanlı coğrafya literatürü tarihi. History of Geographical Literature during the Ottoman Period, 2000, p. 741.
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