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WOMEN PRINTERS AND PUBLISHERS / AUSTRO-HUNGARY: Österreichischer Bürger-Kalender für das Jahr 1846 ein zu fortwährendem Gebrauche bestimmtes Lese-. Sachlage- und Bibliothek-Buch


[Austrian Citizens’ Calendar for the Year 1846, a Reading Book Intended for Ongoing Use. Factual Situation and Library Book]

Vienna: Pichler’s Witve [i. e. Elisabeth Pichler][1845].

8°. Lithographed portrait of Franziska Klähr as frontispiece, guard, IV, XXX with interleaved unnumbered printed templates for book-keeping between pp. 1-16, 315 pp. with interleaved 3 lithographed portraits, [8 pp.] index and advertisements, original printed binding, speckled edges (semi-erased stamp of an Austro-Hungarian library on the cover, binding slightly dusty and age-toned with minimal scuffing on the corners, internally with light foxing, overall a good example with minimal shelf-wear) (#70866).

A rare first (of only two issued) Calendar for Austrian Citizens was printed for educational purposes of the uprising working middle class by a female printer and publisher Elisabeth Pichler. The book opens with a portrait of a Viennese businesswoman and philanthropist Franziska Klähr.

Additional information

1 in stock


Franziska Klähr (1774 – 1850) was born in a middle class family and took over her late husband’s workshop a master metalworker / locksmith, an unusual profession a for a woman at the time. Described as “determined, energetic, smart and untiring” she earned a small fortune through her metalwork business. During the Napoleonic Wars she helped financially as well as with medical care to heal hundreds wounded Austrian and Russian soldiers. For her work Khlär was awarded with medals by Francis II, Holy Rioman Emperor, Frederick William III of Prussia and Alexander I of Russia.

The almanac also includes portraits and biographies of Ignaz Edler von Würth (1747–1834), a silversmith and goldsmith, as well as a statesman from Vienna, Josef Moser (1779 – 1836) a pharmacists, who in 1816 installed the first gaslight in a shop in Vienna, and Franz Leibenfrost (1790 – 1851) a Viennese wine and coffee merchant and a philanthropist.

The publication also includes history of various Viennese buildings, customs and holidays, and other educational articles. The introduction mentions, that the almanac was meant to be different from other similar publications and calls authors to submit more articles. Unfortunately only one more issue of the title followed the next year.

The printer and publisher of the almanac was Elisabeth Pichler, née Praller (1783–1865), who took over the business after the death of her husband Anton Andreas Pichler (1770 – 1823). In 1852, she was joined by her son Franz Pichler (1808–1891). Elisabeth Pichler was a sister-in-law of an Austrian intellectual and author Caroline Pichler (also Karoline 1769 – 1843). The publishing house is still active under the name Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky.

The almanac is very rare. Worldcat mentions the title with no institutional examples (OCLC 1366471991).

950 EUR