Ciciban is a highly popular Slovenian magazine for children, which has been issued uninterrupted from 1945 on. The numbers, published under Yugoslavia included strong political propaganda.
The articles, which could by today’s standards seen as somehow disturbing and sometimes extremely cruel, are accompanied with colourful illustrations of the highest quality, made by the leading academic artists of the time, most of which worked in underground Partisan printing presses during WWII.
The articles were meant to speak to the smallest readers, highly traumatized after WWII and many of them living as orphans with their grandparents or refugees in other parts of Yugoslavia, to join in political groups of Pioneers, led by president Tito.
The Pioneers, the term which corresponds the Cubs in North America, were a mandatory political children group, which primal job in the post war years was to help each other and with hard work contribute rebuilding the country.
They have also received free schooling, meals, uniforms, school trips and membership at sport clubs. With these organizations, supported by children’s magazines such as Ciciban, Yugoslavia was keeping the youth, which after the war years was traumatized, poor and without a reliable future, on the straight and narrow.
The name Ciciban derives from a popular poem for children and marked the youngest inhabitants of Yugoslavia, before they joined the Pioneers in the first grade of the primary school, usually at the age of 7.
Ciciban remained the most popular children’s magazine in Slovenia in the times of Yugoslavia, with obligatory subscription for every child between 7-9 years of age. It included literature, educational articles, high quality colour illustrations by academic artists and political propaganda. The text were read at classes.
After Tito’s death and the division of Yugoslavia, the magazine lost its political and propaganda note. It is still published today as one of the most influential educational magazines in the country.